There are few things in life that remind me more of my childhood than the smell of making pickles. The sweet scent of pickling spices, the fresh fragrance of sliced cucumbers, and the oddly comforting way vinegar tickles my nose—it immediately takes me back to helping my parents can quart after quart of pickles as a child.
Now that I’m a grown-up with my own canning operation each summer, I realize why my parents spent so much time canning pickles—they are one of the easiest and tastiest things you can preserve! This is especially true with this bread and butter pickle recipe, which requires only 4 ingredients and gives you the old-fashioned sweet-and-sour bread and butter pickle flavor in just a few minutes!
What is a bread and butter pickle?
A bread and butter pickle is a tangy and sweet cucumber pickle made with vinegar, sugar, and pickling spices (a combination of some or all of: mustard seed, turmeric, celery seed, cinnamon, cloves, allspice, and/or bay leaves).
What ingredients do you need to make bread and butter pickles?
We have the easiest bread and butter pickle recipe because it requires only 4 (!) ingredients! You’ll need:
- Fresh cucumbers
- White distilled vinegar (5% acidity)
- Granulated sugar or cane sugar
- Ball® Bread and Butter Pickle Mix
Thanks to the Ball® Bread and Butter Pickle Mix, pickle making is super easy and fool-proof. The mix contains all the herbs and spices you need to get that unique bread and butter pickle flavor, but it also contains calcium chloride—an all-natural ingredient that keeps the pickles crisp during the processing time.
Can’t track down the Ball® Canning Bread and Butter Pickle Mix? No worries, we’ve included how to substitute for it in the recipe below.
What are the best cucumbers to make pickles with?
You’re looking for small to medium size cucumbers, because they typically have smaller seeds and remain more firm during the canning process. There are specific canning varieties of cucumbers that are bred to retain crunch and reduce seeds—they are often referred to as “pickling cucumbers.” You can often find them in bulk at many farmers’ markets and farm stands in the summer. If you can’t get your hands on canning-specific cucumbers, I’ve had great luck canning the mini salad cucumbers from the grocery store. They make slightly smaller pickles, but the great flavor and lack of seeds makes them a good substitute!
It’s important to slice the ends off the cucumbers before canning because the blossom ends contain an enzyme that will soften the cucumber during storage.
Why do they call them bread and butter pickles?
You might think it’s because these pickles taste really good layered on a slice of fresh sourdough bread with golden butter (they do!), but that’s not the case!
While similar pickles have been around for generations, the original recipe for bread and butter pickles is thought to have come from Omar and Cora Fanning. They were midwestern cucumber farmers in the early 1900s who became quite famous for their sweet-and-sour pickles. During hard financial seasons, they would trade their pickles with the local grocer in exchange for staples— like bread and butter. The name stuck, and the Fannings filed a long-expired trademark on the Bread and Butter Pickles name in 1920.
What is the difference between bread and butter pickles and sweet pickles?
Nothing! A Bread and Butter pickle recipe is a type of sweet pickle, just like gherkins.
Are bread and butter pickles bad for you?
Bread and butter pickles use granulated sugar or cane sugar in the pickling brine, so people who chose to or need to avoid that kind of refined sugar might want to limit the consumption of bread and butter pickles. For everyone else, bread and butter pickles are a great, natural way to preserve some cucumbers and add some sweet and tangy crunch to your egg salad!
You can always safely can in a smaller jar than what is listed in a trusted recipe, but never a larger jar. This is because the processing time listed will not properly preserve the higher volume of the larger jar.
What’s the process for canning bread and butter pickles?
Canning pickles is an incredibly easy place to start your canning education. Here’s how you can bread and butter pickles:
- Prepare the jars, lids, canner, and tools as listed in our Canning 101 article.
- Slice the ends off the cucumbers, and slice into coins between 1/8” and 1/2” thick (depending on how you like them).
- Prepare the brine by boiling together vinegar, sugar, and Ball® Bread and Butter Pickle Mix.
- Pack the cucumber slices into prepared jars. In these pictures, we’re using the beautiful Ball® Premium Glass Wide Mouth Sharing Jars in the quart size.
- Pour the brine over the cucumbers to the correct headspace.
- Remove any air bubbles with a rubber spatula, wipe the rim of the jar, and close the lid.
- Process according to the recipe. Test for seal after 24 hours.
Use a knife to slice your pickles or a crinkle cutter knife for that classic pickle chip look!
How do you make refrigerator bread and butter pickles?
Pickles are an easy item to water bath can, but if you want to make refrigerator pickles, you absolutely can with this recipe! Just pack your jars as listed and then place them in the refrigerator instead of processing in a water bath canner. For the best flavor, you should wait at least a week (and preferably 3 weeks) before enjoying them.
How long do bread and butter pickles last?
Properly canned and preserved pickles will last at least 18 months in a cool, dark storage location. Refrigerator pickles will last up to 3 months in the refrigerator.
You can choose your desired thickness of pickle—anything from 1/8” thickness to a hefty 1/2” thickness works for this recipe.
What are some good ways to use bread and butter pickles?
The absolute best way to eat bread and butter pickles is to just…well…eat them! Here are some of our other ideas:
- Serve them as a side dish or topping for burgers, brats, or barbecue.
- Layer them on top of sandwiches and wraps.
- Chop them up and add them to egg salad, macaroni salad, potato salad, or tuna salad.
- Use them to make burger bowl salads.
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